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Rabu, 30 Januari 2013

short biography of saddam hussein

Saddam Hussein was born in Al-Awja, Tikrit. His full name was Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti. He was born in 28 April 1937. His Dad was unknown when he was born. Little Saddam spent most his life with his uncle Khairallah Talfah in Baghdad. Talfah was a Sunni Muslim. He was a soldier in Iraqi war against the United Kingdom in 1941.

Saddam went to al Karh secondary school in Baghdad. Then he continued law school but he left his study in 1957 when he was 20. He connected to the revolutionary pan-Arab Ba’ath Party. His uncle supported him. Saddam worked as a secondary school teacher to earn his living. Saddam was very active man in political movement. He and other members of Ba’ath party tried to eliminate Iraq’s next president Abd Al-Karim Qasim. Qasim was safe from the attempt but his driver was died. Saddam was able to escape but other members were caught. He went to Syria. Next, he flew to Egypt and entered a law school.

Under Qasim’s rule , Saddam was caught when he went home to Iraq in 1963. He continued his political activities while he was in jail. He became the deputy of secretary of the Regional Command for Ba’ath party. He was able to escape from prison.

Saddam involved in successful Ba’athist takeover the power of Iraq. Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr became the Iraq’s president in 1968. Saddam’s political power increased during Al-Bakr’s government. Here were some his achievements as the deputy of Al-Bakr. He reconstructed Iraq infrastructure, industry, health , farming, education and social services. He also built up chemical weapon.

Saddam became the president of Iraq when Al-bakr failed to join Syria and Iraq as one country. Al-Bakr lost his political power so Saddam took the control and became the president on July 16, 1979. He seized 68 Ba’ath politicians after that. Saddam supported the Sunni Muslim in Iran after Khomeini guided Iranian revolution. Under Khomeini, Shi-ite developed as majority. Saddam organized his forces to attack Khuzestan in Iran. The conflict began to fear Arab world. A ceasefire took place on August 20, 1988.

He then invaded Kuwait on August 2, 1990. His reason was that Kuwait was fraction of Iraq. UN security council applied economic sanction on Iraq. Saddam paid no attention to the deadline on January 15, 1991 so UN coalition forces went to Iraq and took Iraqi forces out of Kuwait. In 1990s Kurdish and Shi-ite followers increased. This was a threat to Saddam besides economic problem during the war. Iraqi air force broke the fly zone of United Nation. The United States shot a missile to Baghdad in 1993. Saddam was also asserted developing nuclear weapon in Iraq. The U.S. guided the invasion on Iraq in March, 2003. U.S. troops captured most of Iraq area in April. The Iraqi army began to guerrilla. U.S army succeeded to win Baghdad on April 9, 2003.

On December 13, 2003 Saddam was caught. He was arrested near Tikrit. He was brought to the U.S. base in Baghdad. The new Iraqi Government took him in trial for crimes against human right. He was found guilty and sentenced to death on November 5, 2006. The new government hanged him on December 30, 2006. He was buried in al-Awja.

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